「香港身份計劃」的創始人方禮倫 (Evan Fowler) 在第一條關於香港身份的每週專欄中，反思香港人長期以來對自己身份抱有的殖民主義觀念，並探討這種觀念如何導致他們無法落地生根。
「香港身份計劃 (HKIDP) 」是私人資助項目，旨在記錄、歸檔和探討各種關於香港身份的活動。中文譯文由肖笛@東東心思社提供，英文原文在譯文之下。
In the first of his weekly columns on Hong Kong identity, Evan Fowler, founder of the Hong Kong Identity Project, reflects on the persistence of a colonial understanding of belonging that prevents some Hong Kong people from identifying with a home.
The Hong Kong Identity Project (HKIDP) is a privately funded initiative to document, archive and explore the Hong Kong identity. Original Text is beneath the Chinese translation; the translation is provided by 肖笛@Tung Tung Publisher.
My interviewee sauntered in to the studio with a confidence only success breeds. I could hear him well before he joined me in the room where our video interviews are recorded, chatting away to the production team and introducing his girl friend, a glamorous younger lady whom I was told is an actress. He is in his late fifties, but looked younger, swarthy yet impeccably groomed. He works in the entertainment industry.
Before we began recording he excitedly proclaimed that there was no one better who represented what it meant to be a Hong Kong person. “No one is more proud of Hong Kong”, he declared in all seriousness.
My interviewee is a scion of a family of mixed ethnicity that can trace their heritage in this city back to the late 19th century. Whilst not immensely successful, the family has on the whole done well from Hong Kong and those members of the family that continue to live here do so in comfort.
I ask in what language he would be most comfortable to be interviewed. Having grown up bilingual, both English and Cantonese were of equal preference; both are his local language and mother tongue. His recent fluency in Putonghua – and I noted that it was Putonghua and not Mandarin – was never a consideration. We choose to record the interview in English.
“My father used to say Hong Kong is a borrowed place on borrowed time”, he said. For this reason, he argued, Hong Kong could never be “home”.
This saying brought back memories of my own, of being at gatherings with expatriate families who eager reminded themselves and their children of their position here. “A borrowed place on borrowed time” was a common saying in colonial Hong Kong. It was a saying that had many layers of meanings.
On the one hand it was a reminder that we should be grateful of the opportunities of work and living in Hong Kong. It urged this community to make hay whilst the sun shines, as it would not always shine so brightly. It was a message that for me epitomised an era when liberal economics, and the self-centredness and individualism that it promoted, came closed to establishing itself as a human condition. Hong Kong people cared about money was a believable lie to those who choose to be blind. To such people it was not that Hong Kong could not be a home, but that there was no home; in this brave new world only opportunities existed and those who could free themselves from the emotional baggage of genuine relationships, whether with a people or a place, were the most free to find individual “success”.
But the saying was also a reminder of colonial Hong Kong’s uncertain future. As a relic of a previous age many people accepted that their concept of Hong Kong depended on the whim of a Chinese government that was to a majority neither representative nor legitimate. Even among those friends of Beijing, few genuinely trusted the Chinese Communist Party. What was on everyones mind was not whether the the British would leave, but whether Beijing would honour the principles and stand by the guarantees outlined in the joint declaration to preserve the fundamentals of this Hong Kong for its people.
I asked the interviewee what he thought of people who identify with Hong Kong as a home. He replied, “Hong Kong can not be a home. It does not belong to the people. It belongs to China.”
Hong Kong is a sovereign part of China. But claims of sovereignty are themselves based on more than mere contract. A colonial British administration could not justify its legal sovereignty over Hong Kong in the hearts and minds of the people not because it was particularly incapable or oppressive but because the majority of people for whom Hong Kong was home identified not with the legitimacy of Empire but with being Chinese. China is our national and cultural identity because it represents a concept with which people choose to identify. China can not own Hong Kong; we can only choose to identify with China.
“And what of those Hong Kong people who do identify with Hong Kong as home?”, I asked.
“They are misguided”, came his reply. “Hong Kong does not belong to them.”
At this point I was confused. If Hong Kong was not only not his home, but could by his understanding not be the basis of any form of association on which a “home identity” might be constructed, on what foundations had his own identity as a Hong Kong person been built?
“To be a Hong Kong person is to be a person of the world”, he said. His Hong Kong person is a “global citizen” who, to my understanding, operates as an individual and a humanitarian without (or not needing) roots in any one place. Having grown up with a colonial identity, the world has replaced the empire as that wider, trans-national and trans-cultural concept that compensates for our lack of roots. This Hong Kong identity is that of the rootless man, the perpetual refugee who lacking value in a sense of belonging or home must find it in the artificial emotions of a distant and seemingly greater ideal.
This is an ideal we may learn, but are as human beings not able to directly feel. We may on principle care about everyone, but by nature we learn to care by our relationships with those around us. Friendship, and to a great deal familial love, are based on these natural emotional attachments. Everyone may have the potential to be a friend, but it is those people who are around us, who engage in our lives and with whom we build memories, that are our friends.
To deny our immediate relationships, whether they be with a place, people or the roots we all inevitably lay down, and to deny these emotional foundations as a home, precludes us from really identifying with those greater concepts of humanity or nationhood. Our universal humanity is built on the foundations of our immediate connections; the natural bonds we forge with those and with what is around us. This is home.
As the interviewee left, I couldn’t resist putting one further question to him: is Hong Kong still a borrowed place on borrowed time?
Photo by chensiyuan via Wikimedia Commons